• Christ and Church Life and Building Spirit and Bride


    As a lover of Christ and a pursuer of truth, I write down my joys, memories and reflections.

    May God lead us all into the secret of His presence, and build us into the oneness of His body in love.
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Revisiting the divinity and humanity of Christ

Scripture Reading:

创世记-Genesis 1:26-27 神说,我们要按着我们的形像,照着我们的样式造人,使他们管理海里的鱼、空中的鸟、地上的牲畜、和全地、并地上所爬的一切爬物。神就按着自己的形像创造人,乃是按着神的形像创造他;创造他们有男有女。
And God said, Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of heaven and over the cattle and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.
And God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.
以赛亚书-Isaiah 9:6 因有一婴孩为我们而生,有一子赐给我们;政权必担在祂的肩头上;祂的名称为奇妙的策士、全能的神、永远的父、和平的君。
For a child is born to us, A son is given to us; And the government Is upon His shoulder; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
马太福音-Matthew 1:18 因为人子来,是要拯救失丧的人。
For the Son of Man has come to save that which is lost
约翰福音-John 1:18 从来没有人看见神,只有在父怀里的独生子,将祂表明出来。
No one has ever seen God; the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.
约翰福音-John 3:16 神爱世人,甚至将祂的独生子赐给他们,叫一切信入祂的,不至灭亡,反得永远的生命。
For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that every one who believes into Him would not perish, but would have eternal life.
罗马书-Romans 9:5 列祖是他们的,按肉体说,基督也是出于他们的,祂是在万有之上,永远受颂赞的神。阿们。
Whose are the fathers, and out of whom, as regards what is according to flesh, is the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.
腓立比书-Philippians 2:6-11 祂本有神的形状,不以自己与神同等为强夺之珍,紧持不放,反而倒空自己,取了奴仆的形状,成为人的样式;既显为人的样子,就降卑自己,顺从至死,且死在十 字架上。所以神将祂升为至高,又赐给祂那超乎万名之上的名,叫天上的、地上的和地底下的,在耶稣的名里,万膝都要跪拜,万口都要公开承认耶稣基督为主,使 荣耀归与父神。
Who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God a treasure to be grasped, But emptied Himself, taking the form of a slave, becoming in the likeness of men; And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, becoming obedient even unto death, and that the death of a cross. Therefore also God highly exalted Him and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, And every tongue should openly confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father.
歌罗西书-Colossians 1:15 爱子是那不能看见之神的像,是一切受造之物的首生者。
Who is the image of the invisible God, the Firstborn of all creation,
歌罗西书-Colossians 1:18-19 祂也是召会身体的头;祂是元始,是从死人中复活的首生者,使祂可以在万有中居首位;因为一切的丰满,乐意居住在祂里面,
And He is the Head of the Body, the church; He is the beginning, the Firstborn from the dead, that He Himself might have the first place in all things; For in Him all the fullness was pleased to dwell
希伯来书-Hebrews 1:8 论到子却说,“神啊,你的宝座是永永远远的,你国的权杖是正直的权杖。
But of the Son, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
希伯来书-Hebrews 2:7 你使祂比天使微小一点,赐祂荣耀尊贵为冠冕,并派祂管理你手所造的,叫万有都服在祂的脚下。”既叫万有都服祂,就没有留下一样不服祂的。只是如今我们还不见万有都服祂,
You have made Him a little inferior to the angels; You have crowned Him with glory and honor and have set Him over the works of Your hands; You have subjected all things under His feet.” For in subjecting all things to Him, He left nothing unsubject to Him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to Him,
希伯来书-Hebrews 2:10-12 原来万有因祂而有,藉祂而造的那位,为着要领许多的儿子进荣耀里去,就藉着苦难成全他们救恩的创始者,这对祂本是合宜的。因那圣别人的,和那些被圣别的,都是出于一;因这缘故,祂称他们为弟兄,并不以为耻,说,“我要向我的弟兄宣告你的名,在召会中我要歌颂你。”
For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things and through whom are all things, in leading many sons into glory, to make the Author of their salvation perfect through sufferings. For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of One, for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brothers, Saying, “I will declare Your name to My brothers; in the midst of the church I will sing hymns of praise to You.”


Christ is one of the divine Trinity. He is eternal. He is embodiment of God the Father. He is the complete God and the perfect man. The person of Christ is most central and essential not only to the whole Christian faith and doctrine, but also to our subjective experience and enjoyments. Deviation from the Christology revealed in the Scripture would constitute heresy.
I would like to focus on the process Christ went through and how the divinity and humanity are mingled during such process. Before getting into the details, let me list out a couple of many facts and truth concerning Christ:

  1. Christ is God. (Roman 9:5, Heb 1:8)
  2. Christ is Man, the Son of Man. (Too many!)
  3. Christ is God’s only begotten Son. (John 1:18, 3:16)
  4. Adam was created according to the image of Christ, (Genesis 1:26)
  5. God became the flesh through Christ (John 1:14)
  6. Christ is the firstborn of all creation. (Colossian 1:15)
  7. Christ is the firstborn of the dead. (Colossian 1:18)

In the eternity past, Christ is the Son of God and the only begotten Son of God in His divinity. As far as His divinity and Godhead is concerned, He will always remain the only begotten Son of God unto eternity future. But as far as His humanity is concerned, He has not gone through the process to wear the humanity yet. Speaking of His power, He is the Creator, through whom God made the universe. Speaking of His nature, Christ was the embodiment of God yet without humanity.

Two thousand years ago, God became a Man, called Jesus. He was born as a baby, having flesh and blood., and lived on the earth for 33 years. Economically speaking, God the Father is still in the heavens, but essentially speaking, the mighty Triune God, God the Father, the Son, and the Spirit are all in Christ Jesus, being constraint by time and space, having no outward beauty. In His incarnation, Christ brought divinity into humanity, the initiation of the mingling between divinity and humanity. However, His has not gained the glory as the Son of Man, and His humanity has not been “sonizedattainm” as the Son of God. In other words, Christ has not become the Son of God as a Man.

On the cross, Christ’s all-inclusive death and His precious blood redeemed us from our sins and offenses. In three days, Christ was resurrected. His resurrection marked God acceptance of Him as the offering, propitiation, and ransom of our sins. More importantly, the resurrection indicates the constitution of Christ as the Son of God in His humanity, the attainment of glory, the establishment of Christ as God’s anointing One, and the birth of Christ from the dead. In His resurrection, He became the firstborn of God, leading many His brothers who share His life to praise the Father.

Under this understanding, Adam was created according to the image of Christ, but not in His humanity, but in His divinity. In addition, although Colossians 1:15 stated that Christ is the first born of all creation, the word “creation” speaks of His humanity as part of the creation, and the word “firstborn” speaks of His superiority and His supremacy before all creation. But as far as time is concerned, this verse doesn’t necessarily assert that Christ’s humanity is before Adam.

Finally, in the ascension of Christ, He brought humanity to divinity. The Triune God indeed went through a process in Christ, so the going of Christ with His humanity would lead to the coming of the life-giving and compound Spirit with all the riches into God’s believers.

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